skip to Main Content
Risk-Factor-Summation Method Explained
RFS Method, copyright key2investors

Risk-Factor-Summation Method Explained

What is the Risk Factor Summation Method?

The Risk-Factor-Summation method (RFS) is a rough valuation method for early-stage startups.

The RFS-method uses a base-value of a comparable startup for the valuation of your company. This base-value is then adjusted for 12 standard risk factors. This means you compare your startup to the other startup and assess whether you have higher or lower risk.

How does it work?

  1. You start with an average valuation for your company based on similar companies in your area and region.
  2. Then you assess the different risk factors for you own startup on a range from “very low” to “very high”.
  3. Lower risks increase the valuation for your company while higher risks decrease the valuation.
  4. Work on your risks and how to cover them to improve your valuation.

On our key2investors platform you can find an interactive tool that helps you to calculate the valuation of your startup based on the risk factor summation method.

When should you use it?

  • The RFS method is used mostly for pre-revenue, pre-money startups.
  • Many investors use more than one method for establishing valuation for startups and the Risk-Factor-Summation method is one of these methods.
  • Challenge this valuation with the Venture Capital method, the Transaction Multiples Method and the Score-Card-Method (SCM). All these valuation methods are explained in detail on the key2investors platform.



Try it now for your own startup

Sign up now on our key2investors platform and start calculating a valuation for your own startup! Check out the other available tools or dig deeper by watching one of our virtual:lab videos.


Back To Top

In order to continuously improve our website we are using cookies. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. For more information on cookies please consult our data privacy policy. Please click “I accept” to continue. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.